My country India as is known to all a country which has unity in diversity. Probably in every aspect its diversity can be found, starting from the flora and fauna to demography pattern to its culture and language. You can spot difference while travelling from one state to another. In India you can find the chilly mountains to deserts to deep untamed forests and seas like Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean and Arabian seas as well. Like most of the other countries of the world, India too shares its international borders with its neighbors, among them some are as friendly as you can get and some are arch rivals.
India mainly shares its international borders with countries like Pakistan, China, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan and Bangladesh. If we take a top down approach means starting from the north to south then it will be easier for us to depict a picture on how the borders of my country looks like with its neighbors. In the north India shares its borders with Pakistan, Afghanistan and china. Though the border which shared by Afghanistan and India are now fall in the Pakistan Occupied Kashmir or POK. So technically in the north and west India share its borders with only two countries now Pakistan and china.
Below are some images of Indian International Borders with it’s neighbors like Bhutan, Pakistan, China, Myanmar, Bangladesh & Nepal.
#1 India-Pakistan International Borders
The states of India which shares its borders with Pakistan are Gujarat, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab. In Jammu and Kashmir India shares its border with its arch rival Pakistan in POK and Suchetgarh, Jammu. But in the territory of Punjab India meet Pakistan more than twice. Among the border lines of these two countries lies in Punjab which is most famous is Wagah Border where everyday a parade show organized by both the countries. Other two border lines are Radcliff line and line of control (LOC).
In the west part of India it shares its border with Pakistan in Barmer Border in Rajasthan and Sir Creek Border in Gujarat, both falls in the Thar Desert and Kutch region.
The International Border (IB) at Suchetgarh, Jammu
India Pakistan Rajasthan Border
India Pakistan Redcliff Line
India Pakistan Wagah Border
India – Pakistan Border from Sky at Night
Below image was acquired on 21st August, 2011 by NASA which shows India – Pakistan border from sky at night. Yes in this image the orange line is actually India – Pakistan border. Indian Government arranged flood lights across the border of India – Pakistan to prevent the smuggling, arm-trafficking and
#2 India – China International Borders
It seems like that these two ever conflicting countries share their international borders more than what India shares with any other neighbors. If you look at the map of India then you can see that china border region is stretched from the north of India to its farthest corner of north east India. First china meets India in Chumar, Ladhakh, though originally it’s with Tibet but now after the inclusion of Tibet in china it becomes the borderline of China and India. Then in the paradise of Himachal Pradesh, Chitkul the country with the most population in the world, meet India again. Even in the hilly region of Uttarakhand you can find that these two countries share the border area.
In the north east part of India in the state of Sikkim India and China, meet again in the Nathula Pass and in Bumla in Arunachal Pradesh. Except these places India shares some of the historic and famous borderlines with China in which the McMahan Line is worth mentioning. It’s worth mentioning here that the places where India meets china are all scattered in the hilly regions and some of them are famous tourist destinations as well.
India China Jammu Border – Chumar, Ladakh
India China Himachal Pradesh Border
India China Sikkim Border
Among the neighboring countries which are somewhat dependent on India and very friendly to her as well, Nepal is the foremost among them. The bondings of these two countries are also well known and very old too. The borders of these two countries are mainly used for trade and other commercial purposes, so it can be seen that unlike other international borders the places where India and Nepal share their border surrounding areas are densely populated.
Nepal shares its boundaries with India in various points starting from the Uttarakhand in the north to north east in Sikkim (Mechi Bridge Open Border). Other states where these two countries share their border are Uttar Pradesh, Raxaul Border in Bihar.
India-Nepal Uttarakhand Border
#4 India- Bhutan International Borders
The country which ranked amongst the top ten countries in the happiness index, Bhutan shares its international borders with India thrice in the north east states of India. In Sikkim first India meets with Bhutan, then it shares its border again with Bhutan in Bumthang, Arunachal Pradesh and Phuntsholing, Assam, Kakkarvitta Border, west Bengal.
India – Bhutan Sikkim Border
The mountainous state is bordering with India in more than one occasion. Most of the places where these two countries meet with each other are borders follow the forested ridgeline and hilly untamed regions. The places where these two countries meet with each other are Nagaland, Moreh in Manipur, Champhai in Mizoram, Pangsau Pass in Arunachal Pradesh.
India – Myanmar Manipur Border
Culturally rich Bangladesh is a part of India itself before the 1947, so they share a very cordial relationship with each other and similarity in culture and language can be seen in abundance. As it was a part of India itself so there are many places where these two countries meet each another to share their international border line. Bihar is the first state of India where India intersects with Bangladesh in kishanganj. After that they meet again in several places of west Bengal, the so called twin brother of Bangladesh which has similarity in language and culture with each other. After that in the north east part of India it shares its international borderline with Bangladesh at Tambil in Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram.
India – Bangladesh Meghalaya Border
India – Bangladesh Mizoram Border
Coastal Borders of India
Though most of the southern territories of this country are surrounded by the ocean and seas but still there are a few countries lies there which can be counted as the neighbor of India. First among them which deserve a special mention and whose history and culture is deeply entangled with India is Sri Lanka, lies in the Indian Ocean and Maldives a small island in the heart of Indian Ocean. Rest of the southern parts of India is guarded by the two seas namely Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea and they touched the states of Orissa, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra and Goa.
Andaman Nicobar and Lakshdweep Islands are also part of India and their borders are quite amazing.
Andaman Nicobar Islands
Image Courtesy: Pixabay, Quora